The History Of The Loacker Company



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Loacker is an Italian company based in South Tyrol, producing wafers,  and derivative products. It was founded in 1926 as a family company by Alfons Loacker.

Loacker has production facilities in Bolzano, Ritten and Heinfels (Austria). It is known for its confections, particularly for its Quadratini, thin cubes composed of wafers layered with sheets of creme. Its products are sold around the globe.

Loacker also distributes Twinings products in Italy.


External links[]

Company website

Loacker U.S. website


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Food companies of Italy

Companies established in 1926

Companies based in South Tyrol



Quadratini is an Italian brand of cube wafer biscuits with layered sheets. It is produced by the company Loacker, a business founded in 1926 in South Tyrol, Italy by Alfons Loacker.



Contents  [hide]

1 Production

2 Varieties

3 Design

4 Recognition

5 Trademark Controversies

6 References





Quadratini was introduced as a commercial product in 1994. A. Loacker AG headquarters are located in South Tyrol, Italy and the company has a production plant in Heinfels, Austria.


There are retail locations for Loacker products throughout Italy, including in Verona, Auna di Sotto, Bolzano, and Brennero. Another location is in Heinfels, Austria.


Quadratini is notable for the cookie’s all-natural ingredients. Loacker brand advertises wafer cookies without additives.




Quadratini Napolitaner (Hazelnut in U.S.)

 Quadratini Dark

 Quadratini Kakao (Cacao in U.S.)

 Quadratini Vanilla

 Quadratini Coconut

 Quadratini Tiramisu

 Quadratini Cappuccino (in Italy only)

 Quadratini Almond (in Italy only)

 Quadratini Lemon

 Quadratini Orange

 Quadratini Apple

 Quadratini Blackcurrant

 Quadratini Espresso




Loacker features Quadratini in a trademarked resealable bag with eight servings of nine wafer biscuits each. Each biscuit is about 1 x 2 x 2 cm with five layers of wafer and four layers of cream flavor. In the U.S., Quadratini are often sold in natural food stores as they contain no artificial flavors, artificial colorings or preservatives and have 0 grams of trans fat.[1]




In 2007, Loacker was awarded the “SG Golden Watch”, a major confectioner sector award, by the Sweets Global Network at a convention with over “600 confectionery industry leaders and decisionmakers from Germany and neighbouring countries”. Armin Loacker and Christine Loacker-Zuenelli, the proprieters of Loacker AG, were honored at the ceremony.[2]


Trademark Controversies[]


In 2003, Loacker’s legal representatives filed a complaint with the Syrian Ministry of Supplies and subsequently the Lebanese Public Prosecutor for a suspected infringement and production of a trademarked product. A Syrian company was suspected of infringing, manufacturing and exporting large quantities of “Ghrnata Quadratini” using the same general appearance and design as the packages of the Loacker Quadratini product for a Lebanese importer that acted as the exporter to Saudi Arabia and neighboring countries.


Both the Syrian exporter and Lebanese importer were raided by the police under Seizure and Confiscation orders. The police confiscated more than four thousand cartons each containing 30 packages.


The two parties involved in the scandal agreed to sign a settlement that admitted to, apologized for, and agreed to stop further production of any product that would infringe on Loackers’ trademarks and rights.


A. Loacker SpA v. OHIM (28 January 2009) [3] Applicant A. Loacker SpA of Ritten sought to annul the decision made by the Office for Harmonisation in the Internal Market, for trademarks and designs, to allow an applicant for a community trademark, rice Quadratum SpA., to obtain an Italian Trademark in Milan, Italy. The word in question was “quadratum” as A. Loacker SpA contested that the word infringed on their “quadratini”. The courts decided to uphold the application for rice Quadratum SpA.




1.Loacker U.S. Website

2. [Sweets Global Network]

3.A. Loacker SpA v. OHIM



Categories: Italian cuisine

Brand name biscuits (British style)



(Redirected from Wafer (cooking))

This article is about the food. For the semiconductor used in electronics, see Wafer (electronics).


Alternative names




Cookbook: Wafer   Media: Wafer


In gastronomy, a wafer is a crisp, often sweet, very thin, flat, and dry biscuit,[1] often used to decorate ice cream. Wafers can also be made into cookies with cream flavoring sandwiched between them. They frequently have a waffle surface pattern but may also be patterned with insignia of the food's manufacturer or may be patternless. Many  bars, such as Kit Kat and Coffee Crisp, have wafers in them[citation needed].


Contents  [hide]

1 Communion wafer

2 Spa wafers

3 Christmas wafer

4 Oblea

5 Pink Wafer

6 Freska

7 Variations

8 See also

9 References

10 External links



Communion wafer[]


The word also refers to the special small round, often starchy flatbreads made for Western Rite celebrations of the Eucharist, including Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran and some of the more liturgical Protestant churches. The word "host" is used to describe the larger wafer used by the clergy, while the term "communion wafer" refers to the smaller pieces used to distribute Holy Communion to the people. These holy wafers often have an image of a cross or the crucified Christ imprinted on them.


Spa wafers[]

A round Carlsbad spa wafer.

Polish Christmas wafers, depicting Christian scenes.

Special "spa wafers" (Czech: lázeňské oplatky, Slovak: kúpeľné oblátky) are produced in the spa towns of the Czech Republic (e.g. Karlovy Vary, Mariánské Lázně, etc.) and the Slovak Republic (e.g. Piešťany, etc.).


Christmas wafer[]


Christmas wafers, whose patterns often depict religious scenes, are an Eastern European Roman Catholic Christmas tradition celebrated in Polish, Slovak, Lithuanian and Italian families during Wigilia (Christmas Eve Vigil).




A variation of a wafer, considered a part of the traditional cuisine in Argentina, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, El Salvador, Venezuela, and México, is known as an oblea. It is usually eaten as a dessert with two pieces filled with arequipe, dulce de leche (milk caramel), and/or sweetened condensed milk in the middle. In some places, they might contain cheese, fruits, or chantilly cream, among others.


Pink Wafer[]


A pink wafer is a wafer-based confectionery originally made by Edinburgh's Crawford's Biscuits in the United Kingdom. It is now made by United Biscuits, the company that took over the firm in 1960, still using the Crawford's name. The snack consists of crème sandwiched between wafers (dyed pink).[2]




"Freska" redirects here. It is not to be confused with Fresca.


 Freska is an Egyptian wafer sold only on beaches in the summertime. It is made from two thin circular wafers filled with a thin layer of honey syrup.[3]



A -covered wafer

Some wafers, though rarely pink, are produced with a  covering.

See also[]

Portal icon Food portal

Waffle, the pressed cake

Loacker, an Italo-Austrian wafer manufacturer

Elledi, an Italian wafer confectionery and manufacturer

Manner, Austrian confectioner known for wafers

Neapolitan wafer, the  and hazelnut cream sandwiched wafers

Nilla wafers, a thicker, small, round American cookie with a vanilla flavor

Mille-feuille, the French layered pastry

Pirouline, a rolled wafer, filled with a flavored creme

Stroopwafel, the Dutch thin, caramel filled waffle

Tompouce, the Benelux pastry

Horalky, the Slovak wafer bar

ANZAC wafer, the ironic term for army-issue hardtack biscuit in World Wars I and II




1. "Collins Dictionary".

2."Pink Panther Wafers 200G - Groceries - Tesco Groceries". Retrieved 2013-01-14.

3."Swimming And Snacking On Egypt's North Coast". NPR. 2012-09-01. Retrieved 2012-10-10.


Media related to Wafers (snack) at Wikimedia Commons

Categories: Cakes


Cookie sandwiches

-covered foods





"Christmas Tea" redirects here. For the meal eaten on Christmas Day, see Christmas dinner.

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (January 2013)

Twinings Of London

Twinings Tea logo.png


Associated British Foods


United Kingdom


1706; 310 years ago




Twinings /ˈtwaɪnɪŋz/ is an English marketer of tea, based in Andover, Hampshire. The brand is owned by Associated British Foods. It holds the world's oldest continually-used company logo, and is London's longest-standing rate-payer, having occupied the same premises on the Strand since 1706.[1]


Contents  [hide]

1 History

2 Ethics

3 Notable members of the Twining family

4 References

5 External links





Twinings' shop on the Strand in central London was established as a tea room in 1706.

The founder of Twinings was Thomas Twining from Painswick, Gloucestershire in England. He opened Britain's first known tea room at No. 216 Strand, London, in 1706; it still operates today.[2] The firm's logo, created in 1787, is the world's oldest in continuous use.[3]


Holder of a royal warrant, Twinings has been owned by Associated British Foods since 1964.[4] It sells a variety of regional and flavoured teas such as the smoked Lapsang Souchong, the oil scented black tea Lady Grey, and the partially oxidised Bengali tea Darjeeling, as well as infusions, coffee, and hot . The company is associated with Earl Grey tea, a tea infused with bergamot, though it is unclear when this association began, and how important the company's involvement with the tea has been; Jacksons of Piccadilly, originally a rival of Twinings, but bought up by Twinings in the 1960s, also have associations with the blend.[5]


In 2005, Twinings introduced its first generic, non-speciality tea, under the brand "Everyday Tea".[citation needed] In 2006, it started producing a tinned  drink. In 2007, it also launched a selection of tinned coffees onto the market.[citation needed]


Twinings owns Nambarrie, a tea company based in Belfast and in trade for over 140 years. In April 2008, Twinings announced their decision to close the Nambarrie plant.[6] Twinings said it needed to consolidate its UK manufacturing operations in the face of increasing global competition, and moved some production to China and Poland in late 2011; however, the vast majority of UK consumed tea is still produced in their factory in Andover, Hampshire.[citation needed]


The company launched a television advertisement in late 2011 which featured an animation of a woman struggling to row a boat in a storm, with the background song "Wherever You Will Go" by Londoner Charlene Soraia. The song reached No. 3 on the UK Singles Chart. Twinings said the advert aimed to metaphorically explain "the hectic lives that women today lead, and how taking just 10 minutes out each day to reconnect with yourself can have such an impact on the rest of your day."[7]




The company is a founding member of the Ethical Tea Partnership,[8] a not-for-profit membership organisation of tea-packing companies that works to monitor and improve ethical conditions on tea estates in all major tea growing regions. However, the organisation has been criticised for its "focus on the large-scale producer".[9] Twinings has also an Ethical Code of Conduct [10] and works with all its packaging and raw material suppliers to ensure decent working conditions in the supply chain.[11]


Despite this, Twinings is linked to a number of ethical and environmental issues. The criticism includes the worst ECRA rating for environmental reporting and palm oil use. In the Ethical Consumer magazine on a scale of 0 to 20 where 0–4 is ranked as "very poor", Twinings receives a score of 2 as of 2013.[9]


The company also aim to improve conditions in tea communities, in 2011, Twinings made a three-year financial commitment to support a UNICEF initiative aimed at addressing the inter-generational cycle of under-nutrition among girls and young women of the tea community.[12] The initiative is being implemented in 15 gardens in Dibrugarh, Assam, in partnership with the Assam Branch of the India Tea Association (ABITA).[13] The project aims to significantly reduce the prevalence of anaemia in adolescent girls and women by addressing the underlying causes of their poor nutrition,[14] complemented by improved life skills education. The initiative aims to directly improve the nutrition and life skills of over 8,000 adolescent girls in the region.[12]


Notable members of the Twining family[]

Thomas Twining (1675–1741), tea merchant

Thomas Twining (1735–1804), classical scholar

Richard Twining (1749–1824), tea merchant

Elizabeth Twining (1805–1889), botanical illustrator

Louisa Twining (1820–1912), social reformer




1. ^ Winn, Christopher (2007). I Never Knew That About London. Ebury Press. ISBN 978-0-09-191857-6.

2. ^ Phillips-Evans, James (2012) The Longcrofts: 500 Years of a British Family, Amazon, pp. 244–245

3. ^ Standage, Tom (2005). A history of the world in six glasses. New York: Walker. p. 202.

4. ^ "MARESI Austria GmbH Österreich website".

5. ^ Glyn Hughes. "The Foods of England – Earl Grey Tea". Retrieved 20 September 2013.

6. ^ "Tea Time Over For Nambarrie". Northern Ireland, United Kingdom: Northern Ireland News. 11 April 2008. Retrieved 17 January 2009. "One of Northern Ireland's top teas – and a favourite in Scotland too – is no longer to be packed in central Belfast."

7. ^ "Twinings Gets You Back To You: All About Our Advertising". Retrieved 2 January 2013.

8. ^ "Ethical Tea Partnership – Working for a Responsible Tea Industry". United Kingdom. Retrieved 17 January 2009.

9.^  to: a b "Free buyers guide to Tea". Ethical Consumer. Retrieved 2 January 2013.(subscription required)

10. ^ "Twinings Ovaltine Code of Conduct" (PDF). 27 March 2012. Retrieved 2 January 2013.

11. ^ "Associated British Foods: Corporate responsibility".

12.^  to: a b Twinings – Corporate Partners – Organisations – UNICEF

13. ^ Twinings Home of Tea – Improving Health and Nutrition with UNICEF in Assam

14. ^ Pro, Barmac (18 August 2012). "Twinings and UNICEF and Assam Tea Helping Improve Lives". Tea4Two.


External links[]


Wikimedia Commons has media related to Twinings.

Official British website

Official Canadian website

Official American website

Interview with Stephen Twining (September 2006) The Citizen, South Africa

Selected Royal Warrant holders of the British Royal Family

Coat of arms of Her Majesty The Queen

Coat of arms of Her Majesty The Queen (Scotland)

Coat of arms of His Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh

Badge of His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales


Commons page

Categories: 1706 establishments in England

Andover, Hampshire

Tea brands in United Kingdom

Companies based in Hampshire

British Royal Warrant holders

Associated British Foods brands

Companies established in 1706

Twining family


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