The History of Russell Stover
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Russell Stover (May 6, 1888 – May 11, 1954) was an American chemist and entrepreneur, and the founder of Russell Stover .
1 Early life
2 Eskimo Pie
3 Russell Stover
Russell William Stover was born in a sod house south of Alton, Kansas, in Osborne County, one of three children of John and Sarah Stover. His mother died when he was young, and the family moved to Iowa City, Iowa, where he attended Iowa City Academy and Iowa State University and studied chemistry. He then became a salesman in Chicago, first for a company, and then for a tobacco company.
In 1911, Stover married Clara Mae Lewis, whom he had met at the Iowa City Academy, and they moved to a 580-acre (2.3 km2) farm in Saskatchewan, Canada, which they received as a wedding gift. On the farm, they raised wheat and flax, but after a year, they considered the venture to have been a failure, and in 1912, they moved to Winnipeg.
Stover then re-entered the industry. He first went to work for a Minnesota company and then for the A. G. Morris Company in Chicago. In 1918, the cole moved to Des Moines, where Stover worked for the Irwin Company, and then they moved to Omaha, Nebraska.
On July 31, 1921, Christian Nelson of Onawa, Iowa, pitched the concept of mass-producing a chocolate-covered ice cream treat called the I-Scream Bar to Russell Stover. Seven companies had previously rejected the idea because the confection easily melted away.
Stover went into partnership with Nelson, and their agreement was signed on the letterhead of the Graham Ice Cream Company of Omaha. Stover renamed the I-Scream Bar to Eskimo Pie and took out the stick to make it a sandwich. Stover has also been cred, through his knowledge of chemistry, with devising the formula for the chocolate shell that hardens on exposure to cold and holds the ice cream contents within. Nelson patented the confection on January 24, 1922.
The Eskimo Pie immediately became so successful, the factory could not keep with demand and the company licensed the formula to 1,500 manufacturers in exchange for a royalty of one cent per dozen sold. The treat was marketed under the brand of Russell Stover Company and by April 1922 The New York Times stated that the partners had received US$30,000 a week in royalties in the first year.
Following on the success of the Eskimo Pie, competing manufacturers soon came with similar, but different processes for making frozen ice cream pies, and at one point Stover and Nelson were paying $4,000 per day in legal fees to defend their patent, a battle which they ultimately lost.
Russell Stover 
In 1924, the Russell Stover sold his share of the Eskimo Pie company for $25,000 and moved to Denver, Colorado, where his wife and he started a new company, Mrs. Stover's Bungalow , which operated out of Clara Stover's kitchen in their bungalow, making boxed chocolates.
In 1925, the cole opened a factory in Denver and another one in Kansas City, Missouri. In 1931, the company moved its headquarters to Kansas City.
During the 1940s, the name of the company was officially changed to Russell Stover .
When Russell Stover died in 1954, the company that bore his name was producing 11 million pounds of annually, and selling its products through 40 Russell Stover shops and in about 2,000 department stores.
Clara Stover operated the company until 1960, when it was sold to Louis Ward, who took the brand into international markets.
The Ward family owned the brand until July 14, 2014, when the Swiss chocolate-maker Lindt bought Russell Stover .
1. ^ International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 12. St. James Press, 1996
2. ^ http://americanhistory.si.edu/archives/images/d8553-6.jpg
3. ^ 'ESKIMO PIE' MAKER GOT RICH OVER NIGHT; Village Confectioner's Son Found Way to Combine Ice Cream and Hot Chocolate. $30,000 A WEEK ROYALTIES Company Licensing Manufacturers Expects First Year's Receipts Will Be $1,500,000. Combining Hot and Cold. Success Comes at Last. Not Made Locally As Yet - New York Times - April 9, 1922
4. ^ International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 12. St. James Press, 1996
5. ^ http://www.kchistory.org/cdm4/item_viewer.php?CISOROOT=/Local&CISOPTR=9718&CISOBOX=1&REC=18 Dick Fowler, "Leaders of Our Town," 1952, collection of Kansas City Public Library Missouri Valley Special Collections
6. ^ About Russell Stover " at the company's official web site
7. ^ International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 12. St. James Press, 1996
8. ^ 
Categories: 1888 births
People from Osborne County, Kansas
People from Omaha, Nebraska
Businesspeople from Denver, Colorado
People from Des Moines, Iowa
Iowa State University alumni
People from Iowa City, Iowa
Russell Stover Confections
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Russell Stover Logo - 2 level - red.jpg
Denver, U.S. (1923)
Kansas City, Missouri, U.S.
Lindt & Sprüngli
Whitman's, Pangburn's Chocolates, and Weight Watchers (Private Label))
Russell Stover headquarters in Kansas City
Russell Stover , Inc., is a splier of , chocolate, and confections in the United States. The corporate headquarters are in Kansas City, Missouri.
In July 2014, the company was acquired by the international company Lindt & Sprüngli.
1 History 1.1 Ice cream years
3 External links
Ice cream years
The Russell Stover Company did not start with . In 1921, Russell Stover and his partner, Iowa schoolteacher Christian Nelson, invented the world's first chocolate-dipped ice cream bar. At a dinner party Russell's wife Clara suggested calling it an Eskimo Pie. The product was a success for them, making them quite a fortune in their first year.
However, as other companies soon began to release similar chocolate-dipped ice cream products, Russell Stover were nearly forced out of business. The Stovers sold their share of the company for $25,000 and moved to Denver, Colorado. In 1923, Russell and Clara created the new eponymous company from their home, packaging and selling boxed chocolates. They were originally named "Mrs. Stover's Bungalow ", however, 20 years later, in 1943, it was renamed Russell Stover .
The company remained in the Stover family until 1969 when it was purchased by Louis Ward who transformed the Midwest regional brand into a world-wide brand. It was owned by the Ward family until July 14, 2014, when the Swiss chocolate maker Lindt bought Russell Stover . 
Russell Stover is the nation’s leading manufacturer of boxed chocolates and the third largest American chocolate manufacturer, trailing only Hershey and Mars. The company’s three brands – Russell Stover, Whitman's and Pangburn's – account for more than 60 percent of all boxed chocolate sales in the United States. Russell Stover are sold in nearly 40 company-owned retail stores and through 70,000 wholesale accounts in more than 20 countries, including the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom. The company manufactures nearly 100 million pounds of chocolate annually, and is the only major U.S.-based confectionery company that has avoided serious controversy over the use of child slave labor, pesticides, and genetically modified ingredients. As a result, Russell Stover has a neutral rating from the Shop Ethical Consumer Guide.
1. ^ "MEDIA RELEASE" (PDF). 14 Jul 2014. Retrieved 25 Nov 2014.
2. ^ International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 12. St. James Press, 1996
3. ^ 
4. ^ The New York Times
5. ^ Corp Profile
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Russell Stover .
Russell Stover website
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Categories: Chocolate companies
Companies based in Denver, Colorado
Companies based in Kansas City, Missouri
Confectionery companies of the United States
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Sales: over $300 million
SICs: 2064 & Other Confectionery Products; 2066 Chocolate & Cocoa Products; 5441 , Nut & Confectionery Stores
Russell Stover Inc. is considered one of the largest manufacturers of boxed chocolates in the United States. It sold its primarily through about 40,000 accounts (drug stores, card and gift shops, and mass merchandisers) in the mid-1990s, but also through 50 Russell Stover retail shops and various department stores.
Russell William Stover and his wife Clara started the company that would bear their name in 1923. According to company annals, they began the business in their Colorado bungalow home, experimenting with new recipes and concocting new confections in their kitchen. They soon started selling their locally under the name "Mrs. Stover's Bungalow ." It was during the start- of the enterprise that they established the tenets that guided the company throughout the twentieth century: quality, service, and value.
Legend connotes an enthusiastic cole starting a company in their kitchen and building it into what would become one of the largest confectioners in the country. But the Stovers were not neophytes to the industry. By the time Russell and Clara Stover began experimenting with their own recipes, Russell Stover had spent several years working for other manufacturers and had gained a strong grip on the business side of the industry.
Russell Stover's ancestors came to the United States from Prussia in 1728. John and Sarah Stover, Russell's parents, settled in Alton, Kansas. Russell Stover was born on May 6, 1888, in a sod house. The Stover family soon moved to an Iowa farm, where Russell Stover was raised and attended Iowa City Academy. Russell Stover studied chemistry at Iowa State University after high school. After only a year of college, he left to take a job as a sales representative for the American Tobacco Co. In 1911, one year after taking his first job, he married Clara Lewis, a farmer's daughter. The newlyweds settled on a 580-acre farm in Saskatchewan, Canada, that they had received as a wedding gift.
Russell and Clara Stover tried their hand at raising wheat and flax for less than a year. But bad weather and a rotten crop convinced Russell Stover that his future would not be in farming. The cole moved to Winnipeg and Russell Stover accepted a job with a Minnesota company. He gained four years of experience with the confectioner before they had a falling out. Russell Stover had received some faulty inventory and wanted the company to replace it with high-quality goods. Headquarters refused. Frustrated, Russell Stover resigned and accepted a position with maker A.G. Morris in Chicago, Illinois.
Russell Stover worked with A.G. Morris for one year before getting a better offer from Bunte . He gained three more years of experience at Bunte before switching jobs again. This time, Russell Stover moved back to his native state, Iowa, where the Des Moines-based Irwin Co. was floundering. Russell Stover went to work at Irwin in 1918 and was eventually able to turn the operation around. The Stovers had settled in nearby Omaha, Nebraska, by that time. While Russell Stover worked at Irwin, Clara began experimenting with her own creations at home.
At the same time that Clara was trying to fashion some new confectionery sensations, another inventor, Christian Nelson, was at work in the nearby town of Onawa, Iowa. His creation would soon become famous, and would also lead to the founding of Russell Stover . Nelson was a part-time Latin teacher in Onawa who moonlighted as a soda jerk. One day in 1919 a local schoolboy entered the shop. With only a nickel to spare, the boy agonized over whether he should buy chocolate or ice cream. Nelson was intrigued by the dilemma. His solution?--the "I-Scream Bar," a sandwich with vanilla ice cream filling and a coating comprised of chocolate and cocoa butter.
Nelson introduced his treat at the Onawa Fireman's Tournament. It was well received. Confident that his idea was a winner, Nelson approached several confectioners about the possibility of making and selling his I-Scream Bar. Seven companies rejected the concept as implausible, citing the bar's propensity to melt, lack of long-term consumer interest in such novelty items, and other potential flaws. Finally, Nelson presented his treat to Russell Stover in Omaha on July 31, 1921.
Nelson's proposal piqued Russell Stover's interest. He was also inspired by the 25-year-old entrepreneur's enthusiasm. Russell Stover went into partnership with the aspiring inventor. Russell Stover made several changes to the I-Scream Bar, changing its name to Eskimo Pie and removing the serfluous stick which Nelson had inserted at the base of the bar to hold it. Nelson patented the Eskimo Pie on January 24, 1922. The patent documented the creation as "an ice cream confection containing normally liquid material frozen to a substantially hard state and encased in a chocolate covering to maintain its original form during handling."
Nelson and Stover's venture was an instant success. To even Nelson's surprise, people rushed to buy the Eskimo Pie. In Omaha, a quarter of a million pies were sold in a single 24-hour period. As an Eskimo Pie craze swept the nation, the excited partners scrambled to keep with the demand. Unable to serve the entire market themselves, Russell Stover opened a Chicago office and began licensing other companies to produce the treat. Within a year more than 1,500 manufacturers had been licensed to make and sell Eskimo Pies. In return, they agreed to pay Russell Stover and Nelson four cents for every dozen pies that they sold.
Russell Stover and Nelson initially profited handsomely from their flourishing enterprise. Unfortunately, many other companies began making their own versions of the Eskimo Pie without the originator's permission. As the market became overwhelmed with Eskimo Pie look-alikes, Russell Stover and Nelson struggled to protect their patent. They were soon doling out more than $4,000 daily in legal fees. In 1923, moreover, jealous competitors succeeded in having the patent declared invalid, thus placing Russell Stover and Nelson's operation at a distinct disadvantage to more established manufacturers. Disillusioned by the whole ordeal, the Stovers sold their interest to a lawyer for $30,000 and moved to Denver.
As soon as the Stovers were situated in their Denver bungalow, Clara was again busy in the kitchen working on her recipes. Meanwhile, Russell Stover began devising plans to launch the family's own business. Despite the fiasco which eventually plagued his Eskimo Pie undertaking, Russell Stover was still eager to run his own company. In 1924, the Stovers began selling boxes of their "Mrs. Stover's Bungalow ." The interest of nearby residents had already been kindled by the inebriating bouquets emanating from the Stover kitchen. So, before the Stovers even began selling their an eager audience awaited.
Mrs. Stover's Bungalow were an instant local success. Within a few months they had opened two stores and by the end of the year they were selling their in seven local shops. In addition, they purchased a specially equipped motorcycle with a sidecar to make deliveries. Early in 1925 they opened their first factory in Denver. To keep pace with mushrooming sales they had to open a second factory later that year, in Kansas City, where the company would eventually be headquartered. Russell Stover named himself president of the corporation and Clara served as vice president. Sales boomed during the remainder of the 1920s.
Despite widespread hardship during the Depression years, Mrs. Stover's Bungalow remained profitable, though growth stalled. Strong demand for the hand-dipped chocolates eventually resumed, however, and the Stovers opened a third factory in 1942 near Omaha in Lincoln, Nebraska. The Stovers shortened their company's name to Russell Stover in 1943. Reflecting his growing stature in the industry, Russell Stover chaired the Washington Committee of the National Confectioners Association during World War II. In 1946, moreover, he was awarded the confectionery industry's highest honor, the Kettle Award.
Russell Stover's achievements in the confectionery industry went beyond sheer dollar volume sales. Besides introducing the Eskimo Pie, he had also patented dipping tables and a manufacturing process he termed the "Zephyr Freeze." Russell Stover continued to run the company until his death at age 66 on May 11, 1954. By the time he died, his Kansas City-based company was selling 11 million pounds of annually through 40 Russell Stover shops and in about 2,000 department stores. The Stover family and their partners continued to operate Russell Stover until 1960, when the partnership was terminated and the venture was sold to Louis Ward.
Under Ward's leadership, Russell Stover evolved from a regional to a national splier of boxed chocolates and . The company opened a fourth factory in 1969 in Clarksville, Virginia, which complemented Ward's efforts to expand sales on the East Coast. Throughout the 1970s Russell Stover grew rapidly, carving out a niche in the second-tier boxed chocolates market.
A common distinction between premium chocolates and Russell Stover's products is that the former usually contains no preservatives. As a result, top-tier chocolates usually have a shorter shelf-life and are often much more expensive. Despite its emphasis on the mid-priced market, Russell Stover prided itself on quality and taste. Even through the 1980s and into the 1990s the company continued to cook its in small batches, often using the same basic recipes that it had been following since the 1940s.
Russell Stover boosted its sales during the 1970s and 1980s through innovative marketing techniques. For example, the company achieved stellar gains with its heart-shaped chocolate boxes, which were especially popular during the Valentine's Day season. In fact, many customers came to associate Russell Stover with its heart-shaped box. It achieved similar gains with its popular boxes of cherry cordials and its "Little Ambassadors," or miniature chocolates.
By the early 1980s, Russell Stover was generating sales of about $150 million annually and profits of approximately $17 million. It was distributing its nationally and had assumed a dominant leadership role in the boxed chocolates market. During the 1980s Russell Stover stepped its expansion efforts, largely through product line diversification. It initiated a broad line of Easter items, for example, including Easter basket gift packs and its renowned chocolate-covered creme eggs. It also strengthened it presence in drug store and card shop distribution channels.
As Russell Stover boosted sales during the 1980s, it continued to observe the tenets of quality, service, and value originated by the company's founders. Evidencing these maxims was Russell Stover 's Clarksville, Virginia factory. The plant was completely renovated in 1986. Many of its old-fashioned hand-dipping lines were replaced with advanced, automated enrobers, which improve consistency and cut production costs. It retained its small batch cooking processes though, despite cost savings that it could have achieved by converting to large-batch manufacturing processes. It also maintained its own truck fleet so that it could ensure timely delivery of raw materials from spliers, thus reducing the risk of ingredients losing their freshness.
In addition, the plant began roasting its own nuts to improve quality control. "There's much better control," explained plant manager Mike Rowlands in Industry. "There's such a fine line between that deep color and a scorch ... In everything we do there are several reasons why we do it to get a better product." Russell Stover also established a school to continuously educate all employees, from executives to line workers, about the importance of adhering to old, proven procedures. The school was started in 1987 following the retirement of several of its senior makers.
Though the Virginia plant was the smallest of Russell Stover 's four production facilities, it was set to operate 24 hours daily. It often processed 20,000 pounds of chocolate, 13,000 pounds of sugar, and 4,000 pounds of milk and cream in a single day. Reflecting the company's treatment of its workers, many of the plant's employees had worked there since it opened in 1969. "You get here and you just stay," related a line worker in Industry. "Every day is a challenge." Eight of the plant's servisors had been with the plant since it had opened.
By the early 1990s, Russell Stover was generating sales of an estimated $250 million. It had since closed some of its original production facilities, and was operating four factories in Tennessee, Colorado, Virginia, South Carolina. A fifth facility was scheduled to open in Abilene, Kansas, in 1995. It also owned several distribution centers scattered around the United States and maintained a fleet of refrigerated delivery trucks.
In 1993 Russell Stover strengthened its position in the boxed chocolates market when an affiliate acquired the Pennsylvania-based Whitman's . The 150-year-old confectioner was generating about $60 million in sales annually in the early 1990s. Critics unsuccessfully contested the merger in court, claiming that the resultant market share would give Russell Stover an unfair advantage. With the addition of Whitman's Chocolates, Russell Stover and affiliates had estimated sales of over $300 million by 1994.
By 1994, Russell Stover was selling its in 50 company owned retail outlets, department stores, mass merchandisers, drug stores, and card and gift shops. It employed a work force of 4,400. Consumption of boxed chocolates surged at double-digit rates throughout the early 1990s, sustaining the legacy of growth initiated by Clara and Russell Stover in 1923.
• Man "Russell Stover" Found Sweet Smell of Success in Denver. Kansas City, MO: Russell Stover Inc., 1994.
•Moyle, Mike, "Preat Files Antitrust Suit to Block Chocolate Company Merger," PR Newswire, April 15, 1993.
•Tiffany, Susan, "Russell Stover: A Paragon of Excellence," Industry, October 1994, p. 26.
•Washington, Barbara A., " Company Molds Chocolate to Client's Needs," Kansas City Business Journal, September 17, 1990, sec. 1, p. 8.
Source: International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 12. St. James Press, 1996.
Eskimo Pie box, undated.
Eskimo Pie is a brand name for a chocolate-covered vanilla ice cream bar wrapped in foil, the first such dessert sold in the United States. It is now marketed by Nestlé, owners of Dreyer's of the Western United States, and Edy's of the Eastern United States. The product was introduced to New Zealand in the 1940s, and are produced by Tip Top who are now a subsidiary of Fonterra, the country's largest multinational company.
1 History 1.1 CoolBrands and Nestlé
2 Licensed companies
3 Racial controversy
4 In popular culture
5 See also
7 External links
Christian Kent Nelson, 1922.
Danish immigrant Christian Kent Nelson, a schoolteacher and store owner, claimed to have received the inspiration for the Eskimo Pie in 1920 in Onawa, Iowa, when a boy in his store was unable to decide whether to spend his money on ice cream or a chocolate bar. After experimenting with different ways to adhere melted chocolate to bricks of ice cream, Nelson began selling his invention under the name "I-Scream Bars." In 1921, he filed for a patent, and secured an agreement with local chocolate producer Russell C. Stover to mass-produce them under the new trademarked name "Eskimo Pie" (a name suggested by Mrs. Stover), and to create the Eskimo Pie Corporation. After patent 1,404,539 was issued on January 24, 1922, Nelson franchised the product, allowing ice cream manufacturers to produce them under that name. The patent, which applied to any type of frozen material covered with , was invalidated in 1929. One of the earliest advertisements for Eskimo Pies appeared in the November 3, 1921 issue of the Iowa City Press-Citizen.
Eskimo Pies Advertisement, November 3, 1921.
The abandoned Rosedale Dairy, Fort Dodge, Iowa, longtime manufacturer of Eskimo Pies.
Stover sold his share of the business. He then formed the well-known chocolate manufacturer Russell Stover . Nelson became independently wealthy off the royalties from the sale of Eskimo Pies. In 1922 he was selling one million pies a day.
Nelson then sold his share of the business to the United States Foil Company, which made the Eskimo Pie wrappers. He retired at a young age, but reportedly out of boredom rejoined what was then called Reynolds Metals Company (now part of Alcoa) in 1935, inventing new methods of manufacturing and shipping Eskimo Pies and serving as an executive until his ultimate retirement in 1961.
In 1992, Nelson died at the age of 99. In that same year, Eskimo Pie Corporation was spun off from Reynolds in an initial public offering, as an alternative to an acquisition that Nestlé had proposed in 1991.
CoolBrands and Nestlé
CoolBrands International, a Markham, Ontario-based company, acquired Eskimo Pie Corporation in 2000.
Originally a yogurt maker, CoolBrands at one point owned or held exclusive long-term licenses for brands including Eskimo Pie, Chipwich, Weight Watchers, Godiva, Tropicana, Betty Crocker, Trix, Yoo hoo and Welch's. The company encountered financial difficulties after losing the Weight Watchers/Smart Ones licence in 2004 and sold its restaurant franchise division at the end of 2005.
By 2007, CoolBrands was selling off core assets. In February 2007, CoolBrands sold Eskimo Pie and Chipwich to the Dreyer's division of Nestlé. Its DSD (Direct Store Delivery) operation, a Whole Fruit business and the Breyers yogurt brand were sold to other companies, leaving little more than a publicly listed shell which was merged with Swisher Hygiene Inc. in a 2010 reverse takeover.
Companies around the world which licensed the "Eskimo Pie" name and manufacturing process include:
Alaska Ice Cream of South Australia in 1923.
News headlines were made in New Zealand after a female Inuk tourist from Canada alleged that the use of 'Eskimo' was racially insulting. The allegation was not positively received in New Zealand and both the manufacturer and Cadbury Pascall, who produce the similarly named Eskimo marshmallow sweets, commented there were no plans to either rename the products or cease production.
In popular culture
Eskimo pie was mentioned in the 1927 song Ice Cream (I Scream, You Scream, We All Scream for Ice Cream), which became a jazz standard.
"Eskimo pie" was featured in the chorus of Jeremy Taylor (singer)'s song Ag Pleez Deddy which was a massively popular South African hit in the 1960s. George Jones also wrote and recorded a song called "Eskimo Pie" in 1957.
Eskimo pie was mentioned in one of Ray Bradbury's literary works, Dandelion Wine.
In French, Russian and Ukrainian the word "Eskimo" (Эскимо/Ескімо) is used as a general name (not a trademark) for any chocolate-covered ice-cream with a wooden stick to handle it.
The seminal Australian punk band Radio Birdman have a song called "I-94" on the EP Burn My Eye which contains the lyric "Eskimo Pies comin' to you, Yeah burning to you straight from hell".
In the 1996 crime drama The Chamber, Gene Hackman's character, Sam Cayhall, has Eskimo Pies and coffee for his last meal.
In the 1978 movie "Grease", Kenickie ask the waitress for Eskimo Pie.
In the movie "Post-grad" "Eskimo Pie"s feature as an ongoing motif, which is used as a symbol of friendship and a platonic relationship.
In the episode "Santa Ana Street Fight" of the show Storage Wars, Darrell finds an Eskimo Pie jar worth about $3000.
In Alice Cooper's song Cold Ethyl, from his album Welcome to my Nightmare, he compares "Cold Ethyl", a deceased woman with whom he is having intercourse, to an eskimo pie since she is so frigid, having died a while ago.
In Season 8, episode 5 of Weeds Det. Mitch Ouellette says that he has some eskimo pies in the freezer.
In the TV series "Two and a Half Men", the characters sometimes mentions that they want an eskimo pie or that they have some in the freezer.
In the play Inherit the Wind, based on the 1925 Scopes Trial, Eskimo Pies were sold outside the courthouse after the trial. Close reading of the Lawrence & Lee script, page 73, indicates the Eskimo Pie salesman is inside the courtroom. Indeed, the ice cream hawker's cry, "Eskimo Pies. Get your Eskimo Pies!" is the comedic key that unlocks the theatrical door through which the audience steps from the incredibly tense courtroom drama into the chaos which swiftly engulfs the William Jennings Bryan character, Colonel Brady.
In Season 1, episode 8 of the TV series Orphan Black, before going to get Eskimo Pies for Delphine, Cosima tells her that she is "about to become a craven addict".
In Season 3, episode 19 of Pretty Little Liars, Aria says that all Hanna ate after breaking with her boyfriend was Eskimo Pies (though they were apparently actually Skinny Cows)
In Season 4, episode 9 of "Boardwalk Empire", Gillian eats eskimo pie on the boardwalk
1.^ to: a b "Eskimo stays despite frosty reception". The New Zealand Herald. NZPA. April 22, 2009. Retrieved September 29, 2011.
2. ^ "Tip Top Eskimo Pie – Fonterra Food Services – Products". Fonterra Food Services. Retrieved 2013-07-20.
3. ^ James T. Ehler (1992-03-08). "Christian Kent Nelson: Who's Who in Food History". Foodreference.com. Retrieved 2013-07-20.
4. ^ "Eskimo Pies". Retrieved 2007-08-12.
5. ^ "History of Russell Stover Inc. – FundingUniverse". Fundinguniverse.com. Retrieved 2013-07-20.
6. ^ Duan, Charles (20 October 2015). "Ice Cream Patent Headache". Slate (magazine). Retrieved 20 October 2015.
7. ^ "CoolBrands sells Eskimo Pie, Chipwich brands to Dreyer's". CBC News. 2007-01-24. Retrieved 2014-07-28.
8. ^ CoolBrands press release announcing sale of Eskimo Pie and Chipwich
9. ^ "History of Eskimo Pie Corporation – FundingUniverse". Fundinguniverse.com. Retrieved 2013-07-20.
10. ^ "Healthy Food Holdings to Acquire Breyers(R) Yogurt Business – re> BOULDER, Colo., Jan. 2". Prnewswire.com. Retrieved 2013-07-20.
11. ^ "Alaska Ice Cream Company". The Register (Adelaide: National Library of Australia). 29 August 1923. p. 7. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
12. ^ "It's the great Eskimo debate". Waikato Times. April 23, 2009. Retrieved September 29, 2011.
13. ^ "Eskimo lolly will have no name change". Television New Zealand. April 22, 2009. Retrieved September 29, 2011.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eskimo Pie.
History of the Eskimo Pie, from the Smithsonian Institution
Neilson Dairy history
U.S. Patent 1,404,539
CoolBrands press release announcing sale of Eskimo Pie to Dreyer's
Revello Bars, a similar bar from Popsicle.
Categories: Ice cream brands
This page was last modified on 20 August 2015, at 16:28.